Escape From North Korea

Background

North Korea is the world’s most isolated country. The dictatorship of the Kim’s known to be an infamous and cruel regime. The country has conflicts with financially and politically powerful nations such as South Korea, China, Japan and the U.S. North Korea has been isolated since the Korean War in the 50s, and it needs support from many countries to sustain its citizens survival. The stubbornness of the dictator Kim Jung Eun led the famine of the country. It gained an international attention when it declared that they are manufacturing nuclear weapons. The global community was once  threatened by it, but now concern is more on unprivileged North Koreans. The more Kim produce nuclear weapon, the harsher life becomes for North Korean citizens.

The showcase city Pyongyang is filled with propaganda. People are brainwashed how great the Kims are from the birth to death. Everyone in North Korea believe that turn in their neighbors’ wrong doings and disobedient to the government to get more food is acceptable. According to North Korean Defector fled to South Korea Dong Hyuk Shin’s memoir, “Escape from Camp 14,” he turned his own mother and brother for food for himself. Even though his family got killed because he turned them in. He said, he haven’t felt “love” in his life when he was in North Korea.

Some die without even questioning what it would outside of North Korea is like. But some do question and try to run away from the isolated prison. The moment North Koreans doubt, that’s when the life risking journey begins.

Statistics

The total amount of North Korean defectors around the world is unknown. Because of the international pressure and Chinese government’s surveillance on North Koreans, they are hidden. North Korean’s ultimate final destination is either South Korea or the U.S. The statistics from Ministry of Unification shows the number of north korean defectors has made it to South Korea. I believe the number of defectors has decreased significantly in 2012 due to Kim Jung-il’s death in Dec. 2011 that the security between the board became stronger.

Graph

Graph shows the number of North Korean defectors came to South Korea over more than a decade.

Routes

Through DMZ

It’s known as the most dangerous route since both North and South Korea guards have their eye on the boarder 24/7. North Koreans has to cross electric fences. Even if they make it after the fence, they have to cross the mine field filled with mines that were implemented during the Korea War. The chances to cross to South without getting harmed is very low. There’s a higher chance to die even make it to the boarder.

Crossing the mine field between the Demilitarized Zone is almost impossible.

Crossing the mine field between the Demilitarized Zone is almost impossible.

Through other country

The most popular and known trail is crossing the Tuman River to China. It cost a lot of money, yet it’s the safest way.  The Tuman River, which divides North Korea and China is pretty narrow. During the winter, ice glaciers form easily and it helps North Korean to escape faster. However, the risk always exists that may cost the defectors’ and furthermore their family’s life. North Korean defector Seongwoo Kang told me during the interview that he escaped through crossing the Tuman River to China. And then he met his broker who guided him to Vietname then Thailand. For Kang, the planned route worked.

The river between China North Korea is very narrow

The Tuman River, which separates North Korea and China, is the only safest way to escape from the North.

Path to  South Korea from Thailand

The map shows the path from North Korea to South Korea through China, Vietname and Thailand.

Consequences

Successful Case:

IF the North Korean they get to live a different life. There are two known paths. North Korean Defector Kang Seung Woo said it’s all case by case. One of the famous path is crossing the Tuman River, the narrow river between North Korea and China, and then drive to Mongol and Thailand. The safest path. Some drive up to Mongolia. But most of the cases, they have to cross the river. According to defectors, the North Koreans trade illegal drugs such as Marijuana and Cocaine with Chinese guards across from the river.

Failure Case:

According to North Korean defectors who has failed escaping North Korea before, the stories are 180 degrees different if one fails. For women who got pregnant. Even though they gain from from North Korea, that doesn’t mean that they gained complete freedom. In China, many women get into forced prostitution and slavery. The human rights issue constantly raises even with the escape.

Security in front of the South Korean and the U.S. embassy in China is really strict

Security in front of the South Korean and the U.S. embassy in China is very strict.

Some may

North Korean defector who spoke in TED talk HyeonSeo Kim  said, the picture brought international attention that the Chinese government let the mother and daughter fled from China.

Interview

I had a privilege to interview a North Korea Refugee Seung Woo Kang on 12 May 2013.  He came to South Korea in 2006 and he attended high school in South Korea in 2008. He’s currently attending one of the most prestigious universities in South Korea. According to Kang, the South Korean government supports North Korean defectors. Not only the government, academic institutions such as Yonsei University has special financial aid package and admissions for North Korean defectors. I asked Kang’s view on South Korean government policy and his future goals.

South Korean Society’s View on North Korean Defector

There’s stereotypes of North Korean defectors in South Korea. Even though they are known to have had a tough life in North Korea, a lot of South Koreans are not ready to accept them. The typical stereotype of North Korean defector is being a spy. The perspective of North Korea changes every time the presidency changes. There are two parties in South Korea. Conservative party believes South and North Korea are different countries, therefore the South should not be obligated to support North. In contrast, liberal party believe South and North still can work it out to be a same country. The policies toward North Korea changes on the hand of the president’s party.

Organization

A well-known organization that helps North Korean Defectors is Liberty in North Korea (LiNK). It reaches out to North Korean defectors, and help them to adjust to new environment. Furthermore, it seeks to raise awareness for what’s happening North Korea. Every summer, the organization picks “the Nomads” to spread the words about the stories about North Koreans. They wish to rescue 100 North Korean refugees in 2013.

Link

Link website says their goal

The headquarter of LiNK is based in Los Angeles, Calif. and Seoul, South Korea. The more attention on North Korean’s human rights are needed. Not only non-profit organization, religious groups get involved in rescuing North Koreans. The consistant support and attention for North Koreans are necessary.The world most recognize that’s really going on in North Korea.

North Korean defectors protesting on Chinese government for sending back illegal North Korean immigrants.

North Korean defectors protesting on Chinese government for sending back illegal North Korean immigrants.

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Social Media Used in Boston Marathon Bombing

On April 15 2013, two bombs blew up at the Boston Marathon. The bombs exploded about 13 seconds, near the finish line on Boylston St. As a result, three people were killed and 264 were injured. The U.S. was angry and horrified of the domestic terrorism. It took three days for the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to take over the investigation, and released photographs and a video of two suspects on April 18.

FBI released the pictures of the Boston Marathon Bombing suspects on April 18

The Federal Bureau of Investigation released the pictures of the Boston Marathon Bombing suspects on April 18

Before the real suspect was revealed, the media corporations were heavily criticized for misinforming the audience through their news coverage about whether the suspects were arrested or not. Through social media tools, they could spread out the words quickly, but it was false information. Some news organizations such as  Fox, The Associated Press, CNN, New York Post, etc. claimed that arrests were made. However, it was just their assumption.

When the media realized that they misinformed the audience, but it was too late to correct their mistake. A popular and well-watched TV station CBS, for example, reported that the arrest was made but later on they corrected that there were no arrest was made. The tweeters retweeted the media organizations’ tweets that the wrong words were spread really fast but it was hard for them to take it back. Their reputation and credibility were in danger.

Huffington Post captured the CNN's false tweets

Huffington Post captured the CNN’s reaction to their false intormation

Not only media’s creditability was in danger, but most importantly, the media put other innocent citizens’ reputation in danger. New York Post was especially criticized for publishing a picture of innocent white male as a suspect on their front page on the next day of the bombing incident. Also, they were criticized for saying that many more people had died in the attacks than turned out to be true, and for pointing the finger at a Saudi man who turned out to have nothing to do with them. The headline said,  “BAG MEN: Feds seek these two pictured at Boston Marathon.”  A clear photo of two men could be seen underneath. The Post’s story said that the pictures are being circulated by investigators “in an attempt to identify the individuals highlighted therein,” which was false. It took a day for Salah Barhoun, one of the men identified on the front page of the New York Post, to clear his name.

New York Post's front page on the next day of the bombing incident. The two males were told to be innocent

New York Post’s front page on the next day of the bombing incident. The two males were told to be innocent

New York Post’s news coverage was completely false and it worked against the innocent citizens. Rather trying to find the real valuable information, they tried to come up with false evidences to bring more readership to their paper. It was worked to harm someone, which is not ethical. According to SPJ’s Code of Ethics, a journalist should seek truth and report it. Not fake it. It continues, an ethical journalist should test the accuracy of information from all sources and exercise care to avoid inadvertent error. Deliberate distortion is never permissible.

Here is the chart a blogger Hilary Sargent made to show how main media’s take on during Boston Marathon Bombing. The diagrams are organized very clearly which media was doing right or wrong:

An arrest chart that shows the various media outlet's take on Boston Marathon Bombing suspect after the incident.

An arrest chart that shows the various media outlet’s take on Boston Marathon Bombing suspect after the incident.

It raised me a question that reputable news outlet was no longer trust worthy. The quality of the information has significantly decreased. The news reporters no longer fact check clearly because they can simply take a twitter or blogger’s word for their report. However, I believe it’s a really dangerous habits because not everyone online tells the truth.

I think after the invention of technology and social networking service, the reporters are becoming lazy. They want to bring more attention to their account and news network they are working for. When breaking news occurs, they obligated to be the first one to deliver the news. For the the Boston Marathon bombing incident, I felt like it was just a competition between news networks to see who gets more readership or viewership. Since the social network services could deliver news faster and massively, the news reporters are addicted to the speed and attention. I truly believe that it necessity for journalists to question their ethical stand point when they site social media for their source.

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Telecommunication Act Assignment

A few weeks ago, we walked about Telecommunication Act in class. Zeran v. AOL and Batzel v. Smith cases were covered as the examples of  the application of the Section 230 0f the Communication Decency Act (CDA). I found  Barnes v. Yahoo! Inc. court case in 2005 that is similar to those two cases.

The background of court case goes when Barnes’s ex-boyfriend harassed her by creating Yahoo! user profiles containing Barnes’ personal contact information and nude pictures of Barnes’ that defamed her.Barnes wished the user profile that her ex-boyfriend created to be removed so she complained to Yahoo! repeatedly. When Yahoo! finally responded to Barmes, they promised her to remove the profile. However, two months later, the her profile still remained online and Barnes in response, Barnes filed a lawsuit against Yahoo! in the United States District Court for the District of Oregon.

Yahoo! Inc. defended relying on Section 230

Yahoo! Inc. lost its court case against Barnes in 2005

Yahoo! Inc. denfended solely on Section 230 of CDA, which states “no provider or user of a interactive computer service shall be treated as the publisher or speaker of any information provided by another information content provider.” It protects interactive service provider such as Yahoo! from liability for harm caused by the dissemination of third- party information.

When Zeran and Batzel tried to defend themselves the result of the court case was not pleasant. Barnes case was not exceptional.  According to the Court, “Any such claim by plaintiff necessarily treats the service provider as ‘publisher’ of the content is therefore barred by Sec. 230.” The court also stated that Barnes’ argument that Yahoo! did not keep its promise of removing the defamatory content online did not dismiss the immunity provided to internet service providers by Section 230 of the CDA.

Cutline Edit

1. http://www.sfgate.com/local/article/Bill-Gates-handshake-sets-off-international-4456967.php

This is the handshake that has bruised a nation. South Korean President Park Geun-hye (L) shakes hands with Microsoft founder Bill Gates before their meeting at the presidential Blue House in Seoul on April 22, 2013. (LEE JIN-MAN/AFP/Getty Images)

This is the handshake that has bruised a nation. South Korean President Park Geun-hye (L) shakes hands with Microsoft founder Bill Gates before their meeting at the presidential Blue House in Seoul on April 22, 2013. (LEE JIN-MAN/AFP/Getty Images)

Correction: Microsoft founder Bill Gates’ handshake with South Korean President Park Geun-hye (L) with only one hand and his other hand in his pocket other brought controversy in South Korea.

I added more information in the cutline because explaining “why” this picture brought so much controversy in South Korea needs to be explained.

 

2. http://www.sfgate.com/news/politics/article/Hagel-Israel-did-not-tell-him-of-intel-on-Syria-4458566.php

U.S. Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel is greeted by Saudi Arabia's Deputy Minister of Defense Prince Fahd bin Abdullah, left, upon his arrival at King Khaled International Airport in Riyadh, on April 23, 2013. Photo: Jim Watson, Pool

U.S. Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel is greeted by Saudi Arabia’s Deputy Minister of Defense Prince Fahd bin Abdullah, left, upon his arrival at King Khaled International Airport in Riyadh, on April 23, 2013. Photo: Jim Watson, Pool

Correction: Hagel visit  Saudi Arabia on his first trip to the Mideast as Pentagon chief and he is greeted by Saudi Arabia’s Deputy Minister of Defense Prince Fahd bin Abdullah, left.

Chuck Hagel being greeted  by Saudi Arabia’s Deputy Minister of Defense Prince Fahd bin Abdullah is too obvious. I think the location is not as important so I research the Hagel’s purpose for the visit.

3. http://www.sfgate.com/news/article/In-age-of-smartphone-watch-makers-focus-on-luxury-4459688.php

View of the Breitling booth pictured on the press day at the world watch and jewelry show Baselworld in Basel, Switzerland, on Wednesday, April 24, 2013. Baselworld opens it's doors from April 25 to May 2, 2013. Photo: Keystone, Georgios Kefalas

View of the Breitling booth pictured on the press day at the world watch and jewelry show Baselworld in Basel, Switzerland, on Wednesday, April 24, 2013. Baselworld opens it’s doors from April 25 to May 2, 2013. Photo: Keystone, Georgios Kefalas

Correction: Competing against smartphone devices, watch markers emphasize more focus on watches’ luxury at the world’s biggest trade fair for watches, Baselworld.

The booth looks surly luxurious. I think more information needs to be elaborated for this cutline to be more relevant to the article.

 

4.http://www.timesunion.com/sports/article/Blue-Devils-bats-hand-Blue-Bison-first-loss-4458387.php#photo-4518817

Columbia's Travis Sowards pitches during their high school boy's baseball game against Shaker on Tuesday April 23, 2013 in East Greenbush, N.Y.(Michael P. Farrell/Times Union)

Columbia’s Travis Sowards pitches during their high school boy’s baseball game against Shaker on Tuesday April 23, 2013 in East Greenbush, N.Y.(Michael P. Farrell/Times Union)

Correction: Columbia junior starter pitcher Travis Sowards recovered nicely from the trouble in the third  to silence the opponent’s bats.

We can see that Travis Sowards are pitching for his team. But how did he do for the game? I wanted to add more information.

Second Project Proposal

I’d like to present the reality of North Korean escapee. I recently finished the book called “Camp 14″ by concentration camp escapee from North Korea. After reading this book, I have strong opinion and will to tell how human rights are being violated in North Korea. Many North Koreans, including citizens and concentration camp workers, can’t take the pressure of the government that they escape to China, United Sates and South Korea. So I’d like to focus one how life goes on after the life in the most isolated country.

Writing

Emotional appeal is going to play a critical role in my writing. It has to show clear harsh living condition based on their social status outside of North Korea. I am going to break it down into classes in three paragraphs.

First: What make them escape?

Second: How can you escape? (Risk? Cost? Aid?)

Third: Life after escaping

Photo

Photographs of escapee trying to escape North Korea will be presented to show the intensiveness of the tension between the escapee and North Korean soldiers.

Video

I am going to ask around the campus has anyone met any North Koreans. And then introduce possibilities of meeting North escapees. Also, I want to tell the hardship the escapees have to go through in the story. I will try to contact the Liberty in North Korea (LiNK) for a phone interview. LiNK is a refugee organization that helps North Korean escapee to adjust in South Korea and the States.

Life in North Korea

A Peninsula Divided

North Korea has been in the news almost every day since the beginning of this year. Tensions between the two Koreas have continually increased as the days go by. North Korea’s redeclaration of war against South Korea on Mar. 29 reminded the world once again of the strained relations between the two countries.

The two Koreas are divided by DMZ

The two Koreas have been divided by Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) since 1948

Korea was separated into North and South after the end of the Japanese occupation of the peninsula in 1945. As a result of postwar negotiations, the Soviet Union took control of the northern region leaving the south to the U.S. The 38th parallel north served as the dividing line between the two newly created countries.

The 38th Parellel divided North and South Korea till the Korean War

The 38th Parellel divided North and South Korea until the Korean War

In 1950, two years after the creation of North and South Korea, North Korea attacked the south, thrusting them into a three-year-long struggle that became known as the Korean War and leaving a scar on the relationship between the two countries. Thirteen years later during the Cold War, a series of confrontations between the North, led by Kim Il-sung, and the South resulted in increased tension along the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ).

The North Koreans soldiers are facing the South Korean territory

North Korean soldiers facing the South Korean territory

 

What has changed in 60 years?

An interesting question arises. After more than 60 years of separation, one cant help but notice the striking differences between the two nations. There’s a saying in Korea that after 10 years, mountains change. After being separated for more than 60 years, what are some of the changes that have taken place between North and South Korea? Are there any similarities?

Government System

South Korea has a democratic government. South Korea is divided into eight provinces. Mayors and provincial governors oversee the local politics. South Korea recently elected its first female president Park Gen-Hye.

South Korea's first female presidents waves at her inauguration

South Korea’s first female presidents waves at her inauguration

In contrast, North Korea has a Communist government ruled by a dictator. Currently, North Korea is dictated by Kim Jung-En, the grandson of North Korea’s founder Kim Ill-Sung. Information on the specifics of  their government is very limited.

Screen Shot 2013-04-17 at 12.54.20 PM

The three Kims of North Korea. (From left: Kim Ill Sung, Kim Jung Ill and Kim Jung En)

 

Language

North and South Korea still speak the same language. There are some variations in accents and wording, but it’s not too drastic that South Korean can’t understand. The fact that the each party speaks the same language strengthens the remaning bonds with each other.

Customs

South and North Korea share a united history up until 1945. Knowledge of life in North Korea is also very limited, but according to North Korean defectors, they share South Korea’s biggest holidays, Chinese New Year’s and  Thanksgiving, in North Korea. North Koreans celebrate additional holidays, such as Kim Ill Sung’s birthday and other national holidays. The exposure to media is very limited.

Why there aren’t many North Koreans Outside of their country?

This video explains one of the reasons for why we don’t see many North Koreans outside of their country. .

Where’s Korea Going?

After being separated for more than 60 years, what changes have taken placed between South and North Korea? While South Korea’s presidency has changed 11 times, the Kim regime has changed only three times. From 1998 to 2008 during the presidency of Kim Dae-Jung and Roh Moo Hyun, relations between north and south were quite  favorable. Within that period, North and South Korea held the reunification of divided family annually  Since 2008, however, the relations between North and South has gotten worse.

North and South Korean athletes are marching together for the first time in Athen Olympics in 2000

North and South Korean athletes marched together for the first time in 2000 Olympics in Athens

The divided family reunited after many years have passed since the Korean War

The divided families reunite after many years since the passing of Korean War

Support from outside of Korea will become greater if the North decides to open up their gate and join the global community. I hope someday the tension between North and South would dissolve in a peaceful way.

Four Misrepresented Cases

1. Without a caption, people can’t distinguish killer whales by names. If the journalist had used the picture of Dawn Brancheau with Tilikkum, it would’ve been more explanatory.

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/09/22/dawn-brancheau-seaworld-death-whale-tilikum_n_976893.html

2. North Korea has been on the news for many days since South Korea elected the new female conservative president Park Guen Hye. North Korea is a closed country that getting pictures are hard. However, many articles already have utilized the same pictures for the same article. It seems like they’ve discussed same matter in one sitting.

http://www.cnn.com/2013/04/02/world/asia/koreas-tensions/index.html?sr=fb040213nkoreareactor9a

3. Before I got to the lead, I thought dropped penut butter sandwich was irrelevant with the title of the article. Maybe a picture of a child trying to eat a snack that fell on the ground might have made more sense.

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/all-the-major-food-groups-carbohydrates-protein-fat-bacteria-8557458.html

4. The picture of Egyptian students’ protest might have been more helpful.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-22004918

Project Proposal

I’d like to present different types of North Koreans  that live in the Capital as a well-off citizen and a government official , concentration camp as a laborer and China as an illegal alien  I recently finished the book  called “Camp 14” that is written by escapee from Camp 14. After reading this book, I have strong opinion and will to tell  how human rights are being violated in North Korea. Many North Koreans, including citizens and concentration camp workers, can’t take the pressure of the government that they escape to China, United Sates and South Kora. So I’d like to focus one how  life is like in the most isolated country.

Writing

Emotional appeal is going to play a critical role in my writing. It has to show clear compare/contrast  living condition based on social status must be clear. I am going to break  it down into classes in three paragraphs.

First: Life in Pyongyang

Second: Life in Concentration Camp

Third: Life as a escapee

Photo

Photographs of three different groups will play a critical role visualizing the contrast of the three different North Korean groups.

Video

I’d like to place the video at the beginning of the entry. I am going to throw the fact that North Korea has been appearing news a lot. Then, I am going to interview some UAlbany students what comes into their mind when they think about “North Koreans.” I am going to make a transition that says are they really happy? And then introduce three groups of North Koreans: Citizens in Pyongyang, Laborers in concentration camp and illegal alien in China. I will try to keep touch with the Liberty in North Korea, a refugee that helps North Korean escapee to adjust in South Korea and the States, to get a phone interview.

http://libertyinnorthkorea.org/

http://libertyinnorthkorea.org/events-in-new-york/

Current Trends in Promotion of Movies using Social Media

Let’s think about the movie industry before computer and the Internet. Hand drawn posters were one of the main and the only tools they had to promote newly released movies. A lot of  movies failed brutality due to the space and financial limitation to gain publicity.

In the 21st century, the problem has solved. through social media. The movie industry rejoice the variety platforms of social media. Social media is a great marketing tool that could make their movies go viral cost and time efficiently. Let’s look at a few examples of the movies that used social media to market their movies.

The Hunger Games

The Hunger Games

The Hunger Games

Facebook

The film “The Hunger Games” ran a major social media campaign a year before the movie’s release. The studio held contests on Facebook that helped reveal posters, trailers and production photographs.

The Film "The Hunger Games" official Facebook page was launched a year before their actual movie release

The Film “The Hunger Games” official Facebook page was launched a year before their actual movie release

Twitter

Because the book series of “The Hunger Games” had a huge following on twitter before the movie came out, the film “The Hunger Games” piggy packed on the book’s publicity.

Although Twitter has 140 character limits, however it gives immediate response to the fans tweets. The movie “The Hunger Games” used Twitter to connect with the audience more closely.

"The Hunger Games" Tweeter Account

“The Hunger Games” Twitter Account shows a lot of interaction between the production and the audience.

Skyfall

Skyfall

Skyfall

Now let’s look at how the fist social media bond movie Skyfall utilized the different types of social media platforms. The production gained publicity through its ad campaigns and contests using social media.

Facebook

“Skyfall” has been promoted through the official James Bond handle. The Facebook page share content like premier pictures, behind the scene videos, Bond’s 50th year celebration, movie review and related news.

Ad Campaign via Social Media

Also, the movie teamed up with a lot of brands like Honda to promote the movie. Honda UK  released a Facebook campaign where it is sharing behind-the-scenes footage and images. The Facebook tab gives details about the bike used in the movie, a modified Honda CRF250R and also redirects users to its Twitter page @Honda_UK. It is a question-based contest which gives three winners a Bond Experience weekend.

*The contest pages could not be found since those expired after the release of the movie.

Les Miserables

Les Miserables

Les Miserables

Facebook

“Les Miserables” tried hard to communicate with the audiences. After liking their fan page on Facebook, the fans got access to daily posts of interviews, new promo picture, the soundtracks and behind the scenes.

"Les Miserables" Facebook fan page

“Les Miserables” Facebook fan page

YouTube

One of the sneak a peak behind the scene videos that “Les Misrables”  posted on Youtube was a video on how they did the makeup and costuming for the actors. The audiences were fascinated how the actors and actresses could transform into their characters so well. It was published on Dec. 6.

Printest

“Les Miserables” chose five fans to help pin ideas for the character Cosette’s wedding on a Pinterest Board. They have about 5,151 followers.

Cosette's wedding ideas on Pinterest

Cosette’s wedding ideas on Pinterest

Self-Promotion

There are many more movies that follow the new promotional trends. Not only Hollywood movies but also independent movies utilize social media to gain publicity. For example, an indie filmmaker Kevin Smith has used Twitter and his podcast to communicate directly to his fans. As a result, his latest film, “Red State,” went viral without  any financial help from a studio or distributor. Through social media, Smith was able to make “Red State” financially viable.

After the Box Office

One of the biggest advantages of using social media for promoting movies is that there is no time and space barrier. The productions can also continue promoting its movies after gone viral and update their newly released DVDs on Facebook. Even yesterday there was an update status on “Les Miserables'” Facebook fan page. As a result, movies never gets old.

 

sources:

http://voices.yahoo.com/hollywood-social-media-art-promotion-11221768.html

http://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1082&context=grcsp

http://www.livemint.com/Consumer/PGuVKt6Gn5NifJmtdAOXDN/Skyfall-is-the-first-social-media-Bond-movie.html

http://blog.newscom.com/red-carpet-and-promotional-pictures-of-les-miserables-its-almost-here/

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